Did you realize that, in a crisis, you may endure three weeks or more without food? However, you are probably not going to last over three days without water.
It’s easy to see that, in any survival scenario, water turns into the first priority. The human body is more than 60% water. Everybody needs it. Without it, we would kick the bucket. Yet, discovering water that is safe to drink is something that the majority of us are absolutely not ready for.
You don’t need to be a survivalist. You don’t need to believe that the world will end, or that aliens are coming. You KNOW you need water and it doesn’t take long to master a couple of straightforward techniques to discover water at wherever or whenever you need it. This knowledge might save your life one day.
How to Locate Water in the Wilderness
Stranded after your car broke down? Got lost during a hike? Camping off the grid?
On the off chance that you ever wind up without water, there are a couple of basic steps to follow.
How to Find Water
Presuming that you are in a region where water is a likely occurance then you simply need to discover it. Knowledge of the basics means that you know water flows downward, toward least opposition. Try going downhill and see where does it take you.
If you find contour lines in the ground and follow them, know that those were most likely made by rainfall or melted snow. Ridges that run down mountainsides or dry creek and river beds are also a good guide: follow them downhill to find the destination of the water they carried.
Stop and listen frequently. It’s not easy hearing the well-known sounds of water when you are focused on hiking so set aside time to concentrate and see what you can hear. Search for greener vegetation or moist ground. If the ground is soggy and moist, but there is no water source close by, then your best bet is to burrow for it.
Dowsing for Water
Dowsing is the antique technique of discovering underground wellsprings of water by ‘feel’, suing a Y stick or copper poles. It is generally used to choose where a well ought to be dug out, and can be used to find very deep water sources. Of course, this strategy depends both on the talent for dowsing and having the tools to burrow deep enough to get to the water source once it is found.
If you need to try out dowsing, you have to locate and cut a forked stick, shaped like a ‘Y’. Let the ends of the stick rest across your upward facing palms, resting on your third (ring) fingers. Hook your thumbs over the top to balance the rod. The idea is that the stick will rise slightly then drop rapidly to point to the underwater source.
Dowsing is still questioned by numerous individuals, viewed as magic. Let us know in the comment section if you have ever tried dowsing and what your thoughts are on the technique.
Check this out: Dowsing for Water
How to Collect Water
There may be no sources of water however there is always water to be found in the event that you know where to look, and how to gather it. Attempt some of these techniques to take advantage of what you do have, and to get to clean, crisp water in even the most troublesome environment.
How to Collect Water through Transpiration
Where there are plants, there is water. You probably won’t get to it by burrowing, however, if the trees around you are green and developing, you can be sure they are drawing water from deep underground.
Transpiration is the name of for this technique: the water is drawn up by the roots and into the leaves of the tree, where it evaporates into the air. We can exploit this by trapping the water vapor.
You can utilize this information to exploit the characteristic root framework and gather the water that has just been drawn up from below. This technique needs less work and can be left unatended once everything is set up. Not to mention strength preservation compared to burrowing for water yourself.
To gather the water you will need a plastic sack – the bigger the better, however, a sandwich pack will do when absolutely necessary. Pick a tree with care: the water gathered by transpiration will be clean, however, gathering water from a lethal or poisonous plant isn’t prescribed. Wrap a leafy branch with the bag and make it as water/air proof as possible– you could seal the opening with a string, tape or a flexible band. Place a small rock in the corner of the bag to weigh it down so that water runs down and settles in the bottom of the bag.
Best results will be accomplished by using a large, clear enough sack, and a great, developed tree, with deep roots to gather water far beneath the surface. Sunlight supports photosynthesis and transpiration so pick a radiant spot when possible.
Here’s a video on How to Collect Water through Transpiration
How to Tap a Tree for Water
Tapping a tree is a technique that can only be used seasonally, meaning that it only works during late winter and early spring, when the sap is just under the bark.
To tap a tree you need a blade, a spike (a durable stick will do), a piece of string or paracord (a vine or root will work on if you don’t have anything else), and a flask or jug to gather the water. The best trees for this are birch and maple.
Use the tip of your blade to make a “V” shaped hole in the bark. The hole needs to penetrate the bark and the inner layer, where the water and sap are. Take your stick and sharpen both sides. Push one of the spiked ends into the tree upwards. Insert the stick at a sharp, vertical angle so that the water can easily flow out.
When you have placed your stick, you should see liquid flowing towards the end. Your flask, placed underneath the end of your stick and secured, will gather the water as it pours out.
Here’s a video on How to Tap a Tree for Water
How to Collect Dew
Dew is not the most obvious source of drinking water, just because its seems as such a small quantity when seen on the ground. Be that as it may, dew is shockingly simple to gather and can be an extraordinary asset in a survival scenario.
Dew is best gathered early in the morning before the warmth of the sun starts to dissipate it. To gather dew, basically, take an absorbent material (a shirt will do if there is no better option) and wipe it over the dew scattered over the vegetation. You will notice the material getting wet fairly quickly, which means you are now able to squeeze that water out into a cup or straight into your mouth. There is a similar technique for water gathering when the water is too shallow to even consider collecting or hard to reach with a container.
Avoid roads and keep away from harmful plants or plants that may have been splashed with man-made chemicals when gathering dew. It is also worth checking the area for signs of animal excrements before you start.
Here’s a video on how to collect dew
Water Safe For Drinking
If you do find water then you might have some concerns about how safe it is to drink it. While most of the methods above are used to gather relatively clean and fresh water, it is still worth taking some extra precautions if at all possible. Boil or purify any water that you are uncertain about, or that has been collected from a stream or puddle. Water purification (iodine and chlorine) tablets and devices are available everywhere and cheap to buy.